The region of Parczew
region of Parczew is situated in the north-east part of the district of
Lublin. It lies on the border with five other regions: Bialski,
Włodawski, Łęczyński, Lubartowski and Radzyński. The area of the region
of Parczew occupies the territory of 953 square kilometres and about
36,6 thousand people live here. The density of inhabitants amounts to
39 people per one square kilometre. In the district of Lublin the
region of Parczew takes the middle position on count of the area but it
takes the last one on count of the inhabitants.
The region of Parczew stands out as a region with unusual landscapes.
Almost 16,5% of the area of the region is the places of protected
nature and natural monuments. The area is characterized by a lot of
forests (about 24,7% of the total area) and many aquatic areas, which
are a part of Łęczyńsko-Włodawski lakeside. Waters account for 4,5% of
the total area of the region. For the sake of clean environment, a
little changed scenery and poorly developed industry, the region of
Parczew has got good conditions for developing tourist and recreation
branches and producing healthy food. The structure of using the soil in
the region of Parczew presents in the way: for farming use –
62,7% including arable soil – 42,3%, gardens – 0,5%
and meadows – 19,9%, forests – 24,7%, the rest of
the soils and places which are not used take a part of 12,6% including
waters – 4,5%.
On count of population, the region of Parczew is characterized by
negative natural growth, which amounts to 2,2 %o and negative permanent
migration balance which amounts to 4,28 %o. This situation is the main
reason of constant decreasing of population in the region. The
predominance of women over men can also be noticed here: there are 100
men to 102,8 women. At the preproduction age there are 22,5% of people
in the region, at the production one there are 59,5% of all inhabitants
including 31,8% of men and 27,7% of women, and at the postproduction
age there are 18% of people, including 6% of men and 12% of women.
At the end of July 2006, unemployment involved 2445 registered people
(which accounts for about 15,6%).
In the region there are 6906 inhabitants at school age (18,9% of all
people). Nowadays there are 2027 pupils in high schools, but it is
still decreasing. The similar situation takes place in 26 elementary
and 7 grammar schools.
The area of today’s region of Parczew is an old borderline
between Poland, Lithuania and Russia.
The Polish-Lithuanian border went through the areas of Dębowa Kłoda,
Parczew and Milanów, and the territory of today’s
area of Sosnowica was under authorities of Russia. The oldest town here
is Parczew, which was called Parczów in the past. The first
reference about it dates back to the beginning of XIII century, when in
1401 it was proclaimed a town. XV and XVI centuries became the golden
age for Parczew. The town which was situated between Cracow and
Vilnius, on the commercial road and just by the border of Korona, by
power of Horodelska Union together with Lublin, became a place of
Polish-Lithuanian congresses. Some congresses and reunions of
contemporary Rzeczpospolita took place here. The best-known is the one
from 1564, when during the reunion in Parczew King Zygmunt August
approved the resolutions of Sobór Trydencki. For the first
time Parczew became the capital of the region in 1416. In XVI century
the most areas of today’s region were a part of the district
of Parczew and were known as one of the biggest kings’
mansions in Poland. It was over only after the partitions of Poland.
After that Parczew became a region again in 1955, and then, for the
third time, in 1999.
Today’s region of Parczew is a typically agricultural one. It
is lacking in big industrial companies which could give places of work
for its many inhabitants. Unfortunately, agriculture gives a poor
income, that’s why it is necessary to look for other ways of
development of our region. Eco-agriculture is a chance of such
development. It’s, for example, growing of herbs, such as
chamomile, which takes place in the neighbourhoods of
Podedwórze. Forestry is also of big importance here because
forests account for ¼ of total area of the region.
Among industrial companies it is necessary to mention about the
glass-producing factory in Parczew, starch-producing factories in
Przewłoka and the textile-producing factory in Siemień. Unfortunately,
they are small companies employing from some to some hundred people.
There are also some agricultural, food and wood industry companies
which produce mainly goods for the need of a local market. Two big fish
ponds are also of big importance here. They are located in Sosnowica
and Siemień and take up the area of some hundred hectares.
Taking into consideration natural values, sacred and secular monuments
and clean air, tourism is the main chance for the region of Parczew.
Thanks to such values of the region as parks, reservations, forests,
lakes, ponds and rivers, our place can change from a typically
agricultural region into a tourism-recreation place. To maintain this
it is necessary to build more places of stay and tourist information
centres as well as strike up cooperation with the other regions of the
district of Lublin and promote our motherland both in the country and
abroad. On the land of our region there are some valuable sacred and
secular monuments, such as a wooden belfry from 1675 located in
Parczew, a neo-gothic church in Parczew with an icon of “Mary
Virgin with a pear” from XVI century, two synagogues from XIX
century in Parczew, mansions in Jabłoń and Milanów, churches
in Paszenki, Kodeniec, Sosnowica, Gęś, Milanów and many
other architectural and sacred monuments..
The region of Parczew is varied on count of wonderful places. Most of
the tourist attractions (forests, lakes, ponds, and monuments) are
situated in the neighbourhoods of Sosnowica, Dębowa Kłoda and Siemień.
And they are the places where tourism is concerned and these places
should mostly be taken into consideration while developing this branch.
The rest of the places are characterized by poor tourism as they are
lacking in attractions such as lakes or ponds which could attract
tourists. However, the region, having a purpose of developing its whole
territory, gives also opportunities to visit all the places by
establishing tourist routes, organizing folk parties, such as sculpture
and painting meetings, cultural reviews and folk art fairs. Thanks to
all the events, these places do not stay out of life but try to promote
their regions. Taking into account a small tourist movement, these
places are lacking in hotels and recreation places which could be open
all year round. The main reason of such a small tourism development in
the region is little incomes of this branch of the industry and poor
interest of tourists with our region. The tourists visiting these
places can only count on spending a night in the dormitories by the
schools or in the private houses. A good way out from this situation is
a development of agricultural tourism. It is one of the typical forms
of the tourist base, which takes less money in comparison to
specialized places of stay. It gives better opportunities to know the
region, as well as learn the way people here live, the traditions and
the cuisine of the region and other offers prepared by the hosts.
Agricultural tourism can be a chance of the development of the places
which have appropriate values together with economic and public
The way of relax connected with agricultural tourism is associated in
Poland mainly with the places in the villages which are situated near
the parks and relaxation places. Such conditions are well fulfilled by
the private houses belonging to the region of Parczew, which can
additionally offer fresh air and meetings with other national and
religious cultures, such as Ukrainian, Judish, Orthodox and many